Russian Art from the Hulmer Collection
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Early Russia: Kiev, Novgorod, and the Grand Princes

862 A.D. - Rurik arrived in Novgorod

911 - Oleg, a settler in Kiev, made a treaty with the Byzantines (first reliable date in Russia's history)

945 - Igor, Oleg's successor, completed the treaty which contained 3 Slavonic and 50 Norse names

988-989 - St. Vladimir accepts the Christian faith for Russia; the service was taken from the Byzantines but was able to be read in vernacular due to a translation by Slavic apostles in the 9th century

1037-c.1237 - the Russian Church was ruled by Constantinople; as a result, bishops and almost all metropolitans were Greeks

1015 - Vladimir dies

14th century - two new branches of Russians, speaking their own languages, appeared: the Ruthenians (who became Ukrainians) and Belorussians (originally the Krivichi)

1380 - Dimitri Donskoi, Grand Prince of Moscow, was victorious over the Tatars of the Golden Horde

1439 - Greek Orthodox and Catholic Churches "united" as a result of the Council of Ferrara-Florence

1453 - Constantinople was sacked by the Turks leaving Moscow, "the third Rome," as the central power of the Christian faith

1478 and 1485 - Ivan III (1462-1505), Grand Prince of Moscow, acquired the territories of Novgorod and Tver, respectively

1510 - Vasili III acquired the republic of Pskov, uniting the land of Russia

The First Tsars

1547 - Ivan IV "The Terrible" began his reign at age 16, becoming the first tsar
1558-83 - Ivan IV entered into the Livonian War in hopes of gaining an outlet to the Baltic Sea; Russia's defeat greatly undermined the economy
1570 ­ Ivan IV destroyed Novgorod and its people when they became suspicious of his rule
1610-13 ­ the "Time of Troubles" took place after the tsar was taken prisoner and the throne was left empty
1724 ­ a "high protective tariff was levied on every Russian import
1719-30 ­ diplomatic relations between Russia and England were severed, causing British exports to decline
1722 ­ Peter I made a rule stating that the tsar be able to choose his own successor
February 8, 1725 ­ Peter I dies without choosing his successor
July 17, 1762 ­ after Peter III was killed, Catherine II "The Great" became the new ruler of Russia
1812 ­ Napoleon's Grand Army burned Moscow (War of 1812)
1828-29 ­ Nicholas I waged war with Turkey, and Greece was liberated under the Treaty of Adrianople

Peoples' Revolts and the End of the Romanov Dynasty

1830 ­49 ­ during this period in Nicholas I's reign 378 peasants' uprisings occurred
1842 ­ Gustav Fabergé, father of the famous Carl Fabergé, establishes his own silver and jewelry business in St. Petersburg. November 1, 1853 ­ Russia declared war against Turkey
March 27, 1854 ­ England and France declared war against Russia
1857-1876 - Under Alexander II, Russia's railway length skyrocketed from 644 miles to 11,070 miles
March 3, 1861 ­ a law made the peasant "personally but formally free."
1867 ­ United States bought Alaska for $7.2 million
  April 24, 1877 ­ Alexander I went to war with Turkey (Russo-Turkish War)
1881 ­ freeing peasants became obligatory because 15% of peasants had not made use of the March 3rd law
1884 ­ The first imperial Easter egg is created by the Fabergé firm.
c.1891 ­ the public's voice was heard again due to the rise of Marxism
1899­1900 ­ student demonstrations, in which factory workers took part, took place in opposition to the government
Sunday January 22, 1905 ­ police opened fire on a peaceful demonstration in front of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, killing around 1000 workers
December 30­31, 1916 ­ the monk Rasputin was murdered
March 8, 1917 ­ the collapse of the tsarist empire and the Romanov Dynasty ended with the Bolshevik Revolution

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