Modern environmentalism shares the belief--typical of earlier millenarian cults--that we live in the time immediately before the end, that our age is special, and that the final battle between good and evil will culminate during our lifetimes. "We just happen to be living at the moment when the carbon dioxide has increased to an intolerable level. We just happen to be alive at the moment when ifnothing is done before we die the world's tropical rain forests will become a brown girdle that will last for millennia," writes Bill McKibben.
"Never in the course of history has humankind been faced with so many threats and dangers," declared the Club of Rome in 1991. Others warn that "we are the last generation on Earth that can save the planet."
Ronald Bailey, Eco-Scam. The False Prophets of Ecological Apocalypse, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1993, p. 13.
These days we are most likely to hear dire warnings of the end of the world from environmentalists. Polls put environmental catastrophe as the most plausible end-of-the-world scenario for a majority of individuals. Is a catastrophe certain? or just a potential? Or, are apocalyptic predictions simply a heightened rhetoric intended to motivate us to action?
|Endtime scenarios of environmental catastrophe that we should take seriously include:|
Nuclear disaster and ecological aftereffects (Nuclear winter)
Asteroids (NEOs) and other cosmic threats
Sun (Life cycle of a star)
Global Warming / ozone, rising sea levels
Decreasing natural resources / water
Diseases (plague / AIDS / SARS)
Additional Resources Online:
- Wikipedia. Consult material on the Endlinks Wikipedia page, that includes reviews of:
- Asteroid Impact Avoidance, Doomsday Argument, Overpopulation, Ultimate Fate of the Universe, and Water Crisis.
General Recommended Sites
Armageddon, submitted by Brandon Bouchard
- The information is taken from the Ted Turner Documentary Series. This particular
documentary reveals information on the threat of chemical, biological, and
nuclear warfare to those who are not highly educated on the topic but would
be interested in learning more about it. Provided, are interviews of people
living in these conditions in the Middle East, information about the series,
current news on the status of each type of warfare. A factual simulator is
also available to further educate the viewer on the types of warfare. This
award winning website is very well put together and is easy to navigate through.
(Accessed November 4, 2004)
- Armageddon Online
- Armageddon Online, submitted by Matthew Deicke
- This website has been running since 2000 and it's updated frequently with new, relevant articles. There is no author of the website stated, but there is a contact page for the sites creator. The home page shows recent articles pertaining to different Armageddon scenarios. The left side bar contains informative article links including climate and environment, cover ups, current events, religion, and weird and strange topics, just to name a few. Below are links related to man-made and natural disasters, and contain topics such as biological warfare, nuclear holocaust, chemical warfare, earthquakes, hurricanes, water crisis, ice age, pandemic, global ice age etcetera. The site contains top links to message boards, for current discussion topics, and a live chat feature, where you can chat about different end of the world scenarios. This website is a unique tool for anyone who wishes to become better educated about Armageddon, and is recommended. (Accessed November 20, 2010)
- Armageddon Online, submitted by Caitlin Sayers.
- This website is dedicated to the different possibilities of how Armageddon
could happen, from super volcanoes to meteor impacts. It also covers other topics such as alien invasion, biblical prophesies, virus pandemics, ice caps melting, and methane explosion. Although no actual credentials are given, further research shows that these scenarios played out are fairly realistic. From the home page, stories written about different earth-destroying events are available. Each story page goes into great depth about each scenario, how possible this may be, when it might occur, the effects it would likely have, and how we might survive it. Armageddon online is well put together with eye-catching graphics and very interesting pictures. Armageddon online is an excellent website for anyone interested in how it might all come to an end. I would recommend this site to my classmates and anyone else who found an interest in possible "end of the world" scenarios. (Accessed November 8, 2010)
- Armageddon Online
- Super Volcano, Mega Tsunami, Asteroid Impact, Hypernova, Extinction Level
Events., submitted by Bethany Cashman.
- The author of the Armageddon Online website, Michael Lewis, explains
in the introduction to his website that the purpose of his website is "not
just about the possibility of Armageddon … but to explore the anomalies of
the known world and universe." Through this easily navigated website
sponsored by Michael Lewis's organization, Armageddon Online, a person searching
for information on either natural disasters or possible causes of the end
of the world will find a treasure trove of well researched articles related
to what they are looking for. The website includes many categories, all of
which delve into the theories surrounding the ways that human life on earth
could possibly end. Armageddon Online includes links to well-known
and highly respected newspapers that contain articles pertaining to each theory
mentioned. A web forum and search engine are also included to make the site
more user friendly. (accessed 9 November 2004)
Online, submitted by Rob Flick
- This website is dedicated to publishing different "end of the world"
scenarios, including nuclear winter and mega tsunamis. Most scenarios are
viewed scientifically. Although no actual credentials are given, further research
shows that these scenarios played out are fairly realistic in comparison with
actual government web sites. From the home page, stories written about different
earth-destroying events are available. Each story page goes into great depth
about each scenario, how possible this may be, when it might occur, the effects
it would likely have, and how we might survive it. Armageddon online is well
put together with eye-catching graphics and very interesting pictures. Armageddon
online is an excellent website for anyone interested in how it might all come
to an end. I would recommend this site to my classmates and anyone else who
found an interest in possible "end of the world" scenarios. (Accessed
November 3, 2004)
Online, submitted by John Stepnick
- Michael Lewis has created this award winning web site for people who are
interested in possible end of the world scenarios. These scenarios include
the following: a mega tsunami, a super volcano, a hypernova, an earth destroying
alien invasion, Biblical events, meteors destroying the earth, nuclear warfare,
a world wide virus epidemic, the ice caps melting and flooding the earth,
science experiments gone awry, or even methane explosions. Each scenario's
individual page discusses what would actually happen if the scenario were
to take place, when, if at all, this scenario has ever come close to happening,
where this scenario could originate if it were to happen, and when it is most
likely that this scenario would occur. Lastly, this site has provided an abundance
of links to related web sites. (accessed 28 November 2004)
- Armageddon Online,
submitted by Betsy Timcho
- This site is run by a nonprofit organization which impartially explores
the predictions of others and clearly informs users with informational articles,
chat rooms, and discussion boards. The site includes articles on how the world
may end due to natural disaster and addresses how man may bring about the
end of the world, describing possible effects of nuclear and biological warfare.
It explains prophecies from the Bible, Nostradamus, and the Mayans, as well
as conspiracies concerning Area 51, September 11, aliens, and ghosts. The
site is easy to navigate, containing several links posted by users to current
news articles on politics, disasters, and science/health. (Accessed November
- Die Off, submitted
by Ben Torsney.
- The purpose of www.dieoff.org is to show how overpopulation is hurting people
and the environment. This site talks about the environment and how overpopulation
will hurt it. When I first got to the home page I saw a graph that showed
the decline of fossil fuels due to the population boom. This web site also
has subsections about climate changes, the carrying capacity of the earth,
the sustainability of the earth, and possible diseases that can hurt many
people because there is not enough medicine to treat everyone. The people
who use this website are looking for good conclusive evidence how overpopulation
is harming people and the environment. This is a good site for research papers
and other assignments. This site is a legit webpage because of scientific
articles, essays and other writings from people who are in the science field.
There is really no information on author Jay Hanson. (Accessed November 10,
- Die off, submitted by Ben Torsney, revised by Alexandra Meyer.
- The website dieoff.org is meant to inform readers about over population and how it could be an end of the world scenario. The site states that due to our political system and economy, world ending over population will happen by 2030. When first approaching the site, it looks a little out there. There are comical cartoon like creations to stand for links and movies, but as onlookers continue down the page they will see graphs and useful information not only on the topic of over population, but economic and other issues that could affect the world greatly. The information on the graphs shows the decline and fall of America and how over population will affect America by starvation and by having less living space. Another nice feature the site provides is it high lights critical points and terms though out the reading.
(Accessed November 22, 2010)
- Die Off, submitted by Ben Torsney, revised by Rebecca Thomas
- Not only is the purpose of www.dieoff.org to show how overpopulation is hurting people and the environment and giving links to sites that give more information about it, it is also gives links and discusses other ecological things that pose a threat to our world. There are still subsections about the carrying capacity of the earth, the sustainability of it, and possible diseases that can hurt many people because there is not enough medicine to treat everyone, most of them containing current information and more links. The people who use this website are looking for conclusive evidence how overpopulation is harming people and the environment and looking for links to provide further information. The author is Jay Hanson, who compiled all of these links. Because of the legitimacy of these links because of their sources, this would be considered a trustworthy website. (Accessed November 22the , 2010)
- Dry/Ice: Global Warming
Revealed submitted by Erin Casey
- Spirit of Ma'at provides information on a wide variety of subjects
ranging from scientific research on UFOs and the end of the world due to global
warming to information regarding politics. The article "Dry/Ice:
Global Warming Revealed", written by Drunvalo Melchizedek, can be
located here along with corrections and updates on the article. This article
informs people, through scientific and historical research, of polar ice caps
melting resulting from global warming. The purpose of this site is to inform
people, with factual, undistorted information, of the threat of global warming.
The article urges people to realize the danger in what has already started
to occur and take action to prevent further destruction. I recommend this
site to a general audience, specifically those interested in a scientific
approach to how the world will end. (Accessed November 18, 2004)
Defense, submitted by Chris Mylan.
- Founded in 1967 as the Environmental Defense Fund, this web site tackles
the most serious environmental problems with their approach of strong science,
innovative markets, corporate partnerships, and effective laws and policies.
The site receives a lot of backing by government officials like Arnold Schwarzenegger.
This kind of support will do something for the environment because not only
takes an approach of actually doing activities that help the environment,
but puts the government into action also. This site gives the reader a lot
of information about what we can do to protect the environment. Its materials
span from fighting global warming, protect endangered species, restoring our
oceans, cleaning up toxic pollution and promote tough clean air and water
health standards. This website does a great job of getting government and
community together. Environmental Defense sends out a positive message and
emphasizes the points of saving the earth from destruction. (Accessed 31 December
- Environmental Defense, submitted by Chris Mylan, revised by Max Beal
- Founded in 1967 by three scientists, Gwen Ruta, Rod Fujita, and Steve Cochran, Environmental Defense fund is an organization that attempts to point out the issues the earth faces today. The four main focuses of the fund are Global Warming, Oceans, Land and Wildlife, and Health. Each link leads to compelling arguments about how each of these issues is overlooked in today's society, and could be reason for disaster in the future. The website also has a link on What You Can Do, giving tips to readers on how they can improve society through easy and useful actions. The EDF's slogan "finding the ways that work", is a progressive movement to try to better the world, and keeping its habitants safe. (Accessed November 21,2010)
- Environmental Defense, submitted by Taylor Endress
- The environmental Defense Fund takes a serious at some of the most important issues that surround our planet. The EDF is committed to improving the global environment. When you examine the "our work" tab it shows the legitimacy of their business, discussing the work that they have done and the impacts. EDF shows that action and persistence is what gets people to think about the environment and realize the unfortunate things that are happening to our planet. EDF also shows strong support from the government, in 2009 EDF got the NYC mayor, to sign the clean school bus law, cleaning up New York City's school buses. The Environmental Defense Fund site is clear and well organized and their facts are backed up by their experimental data. The EDF truly connects the large-scale environmental problems to the communities so they can take action. (Accessed 22 November 2010)
- FAIR Society,
submitted by Cleo Burnett.
- The FAIR Society's website gives a scientific look at the truth behind
asteroid strike claims backed up with scientific evidence and facts. The content
on the site is largely research submitted by scientists who have received
funding from the group. . A list of projects funded by or donated to by the
FAIR Society is included on the website. History of previous asteroid strikes
is documented as well as a list of asteroids that could potentially collide
with the Earth. World news having to do with asteroids is posted, as well
as a series of articles and a small collection of cartoons on the subject.
The site is fairly easy to navigate, updated on a regular basis and is intended
for anyone who has an interest in asteroids and the Earth and wants unbiased
facts. (Accessed 11 November 2009)
- Foundation, submitted
by Jenny Huang.
- Joseph George Caldwell, PhD, a Department of Defense consultant, uses this
thought-provoking site to give tactics for controlling the earth, rather than
prophecies. This site include articles such as "End of the World,"
"Can America Survive?," "Handbook of Planetary Movement,"
"Strategy for Global Domination and Planetary Management," and "On
Slowing the Environment, and the Inevitability of Global Warming." He
provides strategies for slowing down the process of exhausting global resources,
avoiding global nuclear war, and optimizing human population. This site is
useful for environmentalists, people interested in planetary control and those
concerned with what might cause the world to end. (Accessed 17 November 2004)
- News On Ozone Depletion
and the Ozone Hole, submitted by Steve Less.
- Ozone-depletion.net is a website designed for the conscientious environmentalist.
The main function of this website is that it acts as a folder and stores links
to other websites concentrating on different aspects of the environment. These
links are based on the conservation of the environment, the problems causing
the destruction of the environment, and sites devoted to environmentally safe
products. Some links focus on political cases involving issues pertaining
to the environment. It also keeps pertinent articles concerning big environmental
issues on its main page. Despite its congested homepage, the rest of the page
is relative easy to use with a bit of practice. This site would be a major
asset for someone doing a report on environmental issues or looking for information
concerning on particular issues involving the environment. (Accessed 11 November
- Not By Fire, But By Ice, submitted by Alex Herrnberger
- Robert W. Felix designed this site in order to promote his book, Not
by Fire but by Ice. His book and the site are dedicated to the belief
that the end of the world is going to come from the next ice age. The site
is very current, being last updated December 9, 2005. There are links arranged
chronologically that are relevant to Felix's belief that the world is going
to end with the coming of the next ice age. The site also includes links that
counter his belief as well as many advertisements for his book. People that
would be interested in this site are people that obviously believe that the
next ice age is coming very soon among other people that would doubt it. Scientists
might even be interested in this site if they wanted to post an article or
their own websites. (Accessed December 22, 2005)
- Peak Oil:
Life After the Oil Crash, submitted by Hannah Kight.
- David Savinar's opening paragraph of his website notifies his audience that
the site is not full of "wacky proclamations of a doomsday cult". It is a
scientific conclusion. So if people are looking for unscientific scenarios
about how the world could potentially end, this website may not be what they
want to read first. The site gives the reader a huge amount of information
about the oil crash and what will occur afterward. One can tell that the creator
put a lot of research into the topic. One small issue that is posed when looking
at the Oil Crash website is that Savinar did a somewhat poor design job. The
main information pages are two extremely long columns that may deter somebody
from reading the article because of how long it looks. If one can look past
this cosmetic flaw they will find a great deal of information. (Accessed 14
- Planet X Video,
submitted by Max Sosa
- Robert Sepehr, a 2012 enthusiast, presents a video interview based website
about 2012 and the possibility of Planet X colliding with earth. Sepehr's
website presents a wide amount of information as to earth, its origins, and
its end. Sepehr takes ideas from all types of scholars ranging from leading
researchers, to self-proclaimed experts. Nancy Lieder's video in particular
gives us a better understanding of the Planet X theory as a whole and presents
evidence. Views include aliens genetically manipulating our DNA, humans engineered
to do work on earth for extraterrestrials, and planets invisible from earth
that threaten our existence. This website presents some interesting evidence
as to Planet X colliding with earth on 2012, and the possibility of alien
life stemming from Planet X. This website does tend to come off a little bit
extreme at times, but in these extreme views there lie some valid points.
(Accessed November 3, 2009)
- Ready America,
submitted by Brandon Lichtinger.
- The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's official website is described
as a "common sense framework" for "citizen preparedness"
describing what to do in case of a variety of disasters that could possibly
afflict the United States. Many apocalyptic scenarios are described as well
as strategies for survival should any of these events arise. The site offers
tips on how to create a disaster preparedness kit, the importance of creating
a "family plan" in case you are separated from loved ones in the
time of a national crisis, as well as instructions for a variety of catastrophes,
which include nuclear explosions, chemical and biological warfare, and a myriad
of natural disasters (earthquakes, tornadoes, etc.) All of the directions
include illustrated diagrams depicting what to do in each of these emergencies.
The website's intended audience is American citizens, but it is applicable
to any harbinger of the apocalypse that might afflict your neighborhood. (Accessed
November 9, 2004)
- Ready America, submitted by Brandon Lichtinger, revised by Lauren Schricker.
- A national public service advertising campaign, this site aims to inform and prepare Americans for a variety of disasters, including nuclear explosions, chemical and biological warfare, and a myriad of natural disasters (earthquakes, tornadoes, etc.) The site offers tips on how to create a disaster preparedness kit and the importance of creating a "family plan" in case you are separated from loved ones in the time of a national crisis. Included are short instructional videos which help to inform and prepare those such as senior citizens, who might find reading and navigating an entire website daunting. The website's intended audience is American citizens, but it is applicable to any harbinger of the apocalypse that might afflict your neighborhood. Also available in Spanish. (Accessed November 9, 2004)
- Science and Environmental Policy Project, submitted by Mack Flaherty
- S. Fred Singer founded SEPP, or Science and Environmental Policy Project, in 1990. The premise of the organization is that "sound, credible science must form the basis for health and environmental decisions that affect millions of people and cost tens of billions of dollars every year". The project has been referenced by both the Democratic and Republican parties, and has debunked several environmental myths over the years. The site is dedicated to the environment and stays up to date with the latest environmental news. The site features a "Key Issues" section, which covers many of the possible environmental disasters that lie in the Earth's future. Topics discussed include ozone depletion, global warming, environmental hazards to human health, and excess use of chemicals on Earth's environments. Someone wishing to learn about environmental issues facing the world today would be hard pressed not to look at this site. (Accessed 15 November 2010)
- U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, submitted by Steve Less.
- This government funded website offers a vast range of material relating
to environmental issues. It is arranged under the U.S. Enviornmental Protection
Agency under the basic theory that conservation of the environment is a very
important issue in society today. It offers a number of different topics pertaining
to the conservation of the environment and is updated quite regularly, so
the facts are recent and valid. The site is easy to use and has multiple search
tools on an accessible tool bar. Another portion of the site has links strategies
to save the environment. A Quick Resource section allows the user to see some
FAQ and ask some of their own questions concerning the environment. News Updates,
Poll Questions, maps, and charts make the site user friendly. This website
is a top websites for a reader looking for an informative opinion concerning
the conservation of the environment. (Accessed November 10, 2004)
submitted by Hannah Kight.
- The Discovery Channel does a wonderful job of giving the reader straight
forward facts about the Yellowstone Supervolcano and its potential danger
to the world. It doesn't use apocalyptic or doomsday language, giving the
site an overall professional and scientific feel instead of making the audience
feel as though they are being preached to by a raving, lunatic doomsayer.
Also included are articles about many other supervolcanoes around the world.
The site is extremely easy to navigate with very self-explanatory tabs. Someone
searching for prophecies, articles on the rapture, bible interpretations of
the apocalypse, conspiracy theories, and other obscure and more radical approaches
to the end of the world will not find what they are looking for on the Discovery
Channel website. Logical and scientific people will find great enjoyment in
this website. (Accessed 14 November 2007)
- Supervolcano, submitted by Hannah Knight, revised by Rebekah Petroff
- This website from the Discovery Channel gives straight forward facts that the accredited author geologists have discovered about the super volcano in Yellowstone without using apocalyptic language. Though it has not been recently updated, it is still kept in working order, with working links to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) containing specifics about other volcanoes and predictions about the results of an erupting super volcano. As Hannah Knight said best, "Someone searching for … obscure and more radical approaches to the end of the world will not find what they are looking for on the Discovery Channel website. " More than anything though, this website makes the reader think about the world we live in, making it an excellent site for anyone curious about super volcanoes, hot spots, and the danger that they pose to human life. [Accessed November 8, 2010]
Crisis, submitted by Elizabeth Kremer.
- The World Water Council main website has information from A to Z about water,
ranging from news article links to an article about who has the right to water.
The specific section, "Water Crisis", is academic and has very useful
information. The site is very locally organized; it uses side bars for easy
navigation and has popular articles in the middle of the page to spark interest.
This source seems to be biased since it is made by the World Water Council
and they want to start a movement to help to secure the world through the
elimination of water shortages, although it does seem to try to cover all
sides of many different issues. The information seems well researched and
supported and there is a link to look up the sources on the site. (Accessed
November 4, 2009)
- World Population
Awareness, submitted by Ben Torsney.
- The overpopulation website talks the effects that overpopulation has on
the environment, the world and our standard of living. There are many sub
sections that speak of why population matters, the environmental impacts and
birth control choices to control the population. The general audiences are
those who want some facts on the world with a fast growing population and
those who want political opinion on the state of our country. This website
has many political opinions toward the right wing conservatives that are not
these people may not like. This website is very good for research and gives
a lot of information on the growing number of people. There is a really good
virtual counter on the environmental impact section that counts how many babies
are being born and how many acres of rainforest are being cut down per second.
I highly recommend this website for information on world population. (Acessed
November 10, 2004)
This page last updated 16 December 2010